In Classical Music's
Granth "Samveda,' there is a description of Veenas. These instruments
are related to temples and Devalays. Veena and Been are very ancient
instruments. These instruments are for Hindu Gods and their names
are also enclosed with them. Like Saraswati Veena, Rudra Veena,
Shiv Veena etc. People believed that the creation of these Veenas
was in 17th century and their origin is to be believed
around 2000 years back. Today Vichiter Veena is known as Vichiter
because in this instrument there is no any signs of Swar. It is
not kept with the help of hand and elbow. Only with the help of
thumb and two Mizrabs in fingers. Swar is created in wires and in
other hand there is a weight of glass, which creates Swar.
Its shape is like a
balance, in the middle there is Dand and in sides there is round
Tombas one each and for weighting the Swars, paperweight is used.
Vichiter Veena's ancient name is Shiv Veena. It is also known previously
in different names - Shutri Veena, Tantra Veena, Batta Veena etc.
But today it is known as Vichiter Veena. Ustad Abdul Aziz Khan of
Patiala family has given a new life to this instrument. Vichiter
Veena is believed to be a divine instrument and the music produced
through it always devoted to the absolute. The Veena has the distinction
of being the only plucked instrument that is considered to be the
purest musical sound and by legend is the foundation of all art.
The Vichiter Veena
has four main strings three front side supporting strings and along
with two chikaris, 15th Tarabs (resonance strings) having
a range of three and half octaves. Resonance strings confine a player
to "pure" or "perfect" note as they themselves are tuned on "perfect".
The Vichiter Veena is believed to be a divine instrument and the
music produced through it always devoted to the absolute. The Vichiter
Veena has the distinction of being the only plucked instrument that
is considerable to be the subtle of human voice.